Tamil Eelam - a De Facto State
["LTTE has set up a Separate State" -
Sri Lanka President
Kumaratunga, 11 April 2003]
Under one flag,
We stand united"
"வாழ்க ஈழத் தமிழகம், வாழ்க இனிது வாழ்கவே,
Boundaries of Tamil
Tamil Eelam Judiciary & Tamil Eelam Police
Bank of Tamil Eelam
தமிழ் ஈழ தன்னாட்சிக்கான கட்டுமானங்கள் - M.Thanapalasingham, March 2006
Building the Tamil Eelam State:
Emerging State Institutions and Forms of
Governance in LTTE-controlled Areas in Sri Lanka - Kristian Stokke ,
"Sri Lanka’s third Eelam War created a
political-territorial division of the island with a resultant dual state structure in the North-East. In
the context of the
2002 Ceasefire Agreement and based on earlier institutional
experiments, the LTTE is currently engaged in a comprehensive process of state building
within the areas they control."...
..."Sometimes when I have felt a little depressed I
would go to Parliament to sit in the public gallery and look down at all those
‘terrorists’ now occupying the government benches. It is something to
lift the heaviest heart to behold those who were regarded by the previous
apartheid government as the most dangerous terrorists, and who now, in the
new democratic dispensation, are the Hon. Minister of this or that.
I would recall that some of them were fellow marchers in rallies against the
awfulness of apartheid, and with some we were targets for tear gassing, and
now here they are, members of a democratically elected National
Assembly." (Tutu 2000: vii)...
The quote from the South African Archbishop Emeritus
Desmond Tutu points to the discursive contestation over nationalist struggles –
where a militant movement may be alternatively described as ‘freedom fighters’ or
‘terrorists’ – but also to the political transformation of such movements during transitions
to peace and democracy.
Although Tutu’s statement refers specifically to the transformation of the
African National Congress during South Africa’s transition to liberal
democracy, his observations resonate with the politics of naming and
transforming the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka. ..
Very little of Sri Lanka in Kilinochchi,
Raju Gopalakrishnan, Reuters 2 February 2006
"...There's very little of Sri Lanka in Kilinochchi. At first glance,
the dusty town of about 150,000 looks like most others on the Indian
Ocean island, with shops, small houses and government buildings
lining the main street. But buses and trucks maintain a steady, slow
pace through Kilinochchi, instead of tearing down the highway and
changing lanes at will. Young policewomen who stand by the road are
notorious for handing out heavy fines on the spot. And there's no
arguing or a quick bribe.
Coming in from Colombo in the South, visitors to the area need to
pass customs and get an entry pass, in effect a visa. Kilinochchi
has the LTTE's own bank, court, hospital and taxi service and is in
a separate time zone -- half an hour off Sri Lanka time..."
Welcome to LTTE’s ‘de facto
state’, Barry Parker, 26 January 2006
"...The guards at the checkpoint into Tamil rebel-held territory
in northern Sri Lanka do not ask to see your passport, but they might just as
well. It is here that Tamil Eelam, the homeland that rebels have fought for
decades and so bloodily, is taking reality..."
Sri Lanka: Civil, Political and Economic Rights,
Ms Virginia Judge MP Australia, September 2005
"The Tamils are a resilient people. I observed that in a
remarkable three year
period the Tamils developed a virtual state within the
north-east of Sri Lanka.
I visited their judiciary and court,
school of law, police station, police
and technical colleges and small industries, a
community bank plus a
housing 278 children left orphaned by the war and the recent tsunami. The
Rehabilitation Organisation (TRO) runs a variety of development, relief and
projects as well as assisting several non-government organisations with their
this is a tribute to the spirit and resilience of the Tamil people. "
Eelam Encounters -
Father Chandi Sinnathurai, May/July 2005
"...When I reached Vavuniya town I experienced a strange feeling. It was evident
that I was at a border town and I’m quite literally going to enter another
country. I hailed an autorickshaw to go up to Mugamalai checkpoint. Here the
Sri Lankan army checked me in. They spoke to me in broken Tamil: ‘Father,
Happy New Year!’ they greeted. [April Sinhala / Tamil New Year]. I smiled,
and responded in Sinhalese: ‘Subey Aluth Avurudey vewa’. Very quickly they
security cleared my luggage... As I got closer to the other end of the border,
I read the sign in Tamil: "Thamil Eelam warmly greets you". I made sure that
I wasn’t hallucinating. The Thamil Eelam officials greeted me:
Vannakam. They checked my credentials swiftly. My luggage was thoroughly
checked. I jokingly said to the Tamil official: "Thamby, I don’t have any
weapons." He politely chuckled and gestured to the packet of ballpoint pens
and the Reporter’s Notebook I was carrying in the hand luggage. "Father,
shall I get you an Auto that would take you to Kilinochchi?" he asked. As I
boarded the auto I noticed that the vehicles in Eelam had Thamil number
plates. I was moved when I recollected the State violence against the
Gandhian style "Sri protest"… Look! I convinced myself that I’m standing on
Tamil soil. .."
Tamil Eelam - de facto reality,
" Tamil Eelam, the LTTE’s long-standing demand, is today a de facto
reality. The Tigers run their own courts, police and generate funds
for their economy.
Can anyone write the lines of my unwritten poem?
In a land where fantasies of freedom outnumber bloody memories, even
two decades of war have failed to answer
poetic query. She was 20, the first woman fighter of the Liberation Tigers
of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to die in combat. Thousands of young men and women
laid down their lives to give meaning to her lines..."
Tamil Eelam Legal
System - E.Pararajasingham, Head of Judicial Division of LTTE, 30 October 2003
"...The manner in which the PTA was used to humiliate and oppress the
Tamil people is a good example of the total failure and insensitiveness of
the Sri Lankan judiciary in upholding the principle of the Rule of Law.
Therefore our people had neither political nor practical reasons for
reposing any faith in the Sri Lankan judicial system. Incidentally, one
should note here that these very instruments designed to subvert the Rule of
Law in the northeast were eventually turned on the Sinhala people too. So
much so that the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) quite rightly stated
recently: “the serious degeneration of Sri Lanka's judiciary is now a matter
of public record, both within the country and internationally."
Therefore we as a liberation movement had to come up with an expeditious
solution to prevent the collapse of the social order in the northeast while
creating structures that would reflect the Sovereign Will of our people. So
in the beginning we established mediation boards (Inakka Saphai) at the
village level. These functioned from 1984 to 1992. But the mediation board
system was a failure mainly because there was no legal code as basis for
adjudication and because many of those who sat on the mediation boards
weren’t educated and trained in law. It created a lot of problems for the
Liberation Movement and led to frictions with society. .."
LTTE has set up a Separate State - Sri Lanka President
Kumaratunga, 11 April 2003
"..The Sri Lankan President, Chandrika Kumaratunga, has said that the Liberation
Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) has established a "de facto separate State" in the
north of her country and in parts of the east since entering into peace talks
with the Ranil Wickremesinghe Government..."
The Civil Administration in Thamil Eelam -
Nagalingam Ethirveerasingham, 1996
"..I spent a total of 18 months in the northern province of Sri
Lanka since early 1994, as a volunteer working with farmers and
educators. During this period I came to know the LTTE administrators
and their administration of the Northern Province areas under their
control. My observations below are based on that experience..."
"Welcome to "Pictures from Jaffna"
"The camera is an instrument that teaches people how to see without
a camera. Dorothea Lange (1895–1979) - U.S. photographer
(This is ) a
personal web site created to share an ad hoc collection of pictures
taken on a recent trip I made to the city of Jaffna. This web site
is also a place to discuss insights and opinions about this great
city. My place of birth. My home.
I think it is important that my visitors understand the rationale
behind the collection of these pictures. It's, really quite simple.
THERE IS NO RATIONALE!, NO PURPOSE, NO AGENDA, NOTHING!. The
photographs you see, are simply a novice and completely informal
collection of pictures taken during a recent trip to Jaffna. We took
these pictures so that we could, capture and share with others, some
of the many sights the great city has to offer. I am proud that this
site enjoys over 100 hits a day from well wishers around the world.
Why? because these visitors have enjoyed viewing these pictures as
much as my friends and I have enjoyed taking them".
In Navatkuli - Jaffna on A9,