the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
as amended by Protocol No. 11, 1998
[also in PDF]
The text of the
Convention had been amended according to the provisions of Protocol No. 3 (ETS
No. 45), which entered into force on 21 September 1970, of Protocol No. 5 (ETS
No. 55), which entered into force on 20 December 1971 and of Protocol No. 8 (ETS
No. 118), which entered into force on 1 January 1990, and comprised also the
text of Protocol No. 2 (ETS No. 44) which, in accordance with Article 5,
paragraph 3 thereof, had been an integral part of the Convention since its entry
into force on 21 September 1970. All provisions which had been amended or added
by these Protocols are replaced by Protocol No. 11 (ETS No. 155), as from the
date of its entry into force on 1 November 1998. As from that date, Protocol No.
9 (ETS No. 140), which entered into force on 1 October 1994, is repealed and
Protocol No. 10 (ETS No. 146) has lost its purpose.
Chart of Declarations under former Articles 25 and 46 of the ECHR
No. 4 |
No. 6 |
| No. 13
The governments signatory hereto, being members of the Council of Europe,
Considering the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaimed by the
General Assembly of the United Nations on 10th December 1948;
Considering that this Declaration aims at securing the universal and
effective recognition and observance of the Rights therein declared;
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is the achievement of
greater unity between its members and that one of the methods by which that
aim is to be pursued is the maintenance and further realisation of human
rights and fundamental freedoms;
Reaffirming their profound belief in those fundamental freedoms which are
the foundation of justice and peace in the world and are best maintained on
the one hand by an effective political democracy and on the other by a
common understanding and observance of the human rights upon which they
Being resolved, as the governments of European countries which are
like-minded and have a common heritage of political traditions, ideals,
freedom and the rule of law, to take the first steps for the collective
enforcement of certain of the rights stated in the Universal Declaration,
Have agreed as follows:
Article 1 – Obligation to respect human rights
The High Contracting Parties shall secure to everyone within their
jurisdiction the rights and freedoms defined in Section I of this
Section I – Rights and freedoms
Article 2 – Right to life1
Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law. No one shall
be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a
sentence of a court following his conviction of a crime for which
this penalty is provided by law.
Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in
contravention of this article when it results from the use of force
which is no more than absolutely necessary:
in defence of any person from unlawful violence;
in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape
of a person lawfully detained;
in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot
Article 3 – Prohibition of torture1
No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment.
Article 4 – Prohibition of slavery and forced labour1
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude.
No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
For the purpose of this article the term "forced or compulsory
labour" shall not include:
any work required to be done in the ordinary course of
detention imposed according to the provisions of Article 5 of
this Convention or during conditional release from such
any service of a military character or, in case of
conscientious objectors in countries where they are recognised,
service exacted instead of compulsory military service;
any service exacted in case of an emergency or calamity
threatening the life or well-being of the community;
any work or service which forms part of normal civic
Article 5 – Right to liberty and security1
Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person. No one
shall be deprived of his liberty save in the following cases and in
accordance with a procedure prescribed by law:
the lawful detention of a person after conviction by a
the lawful arrest or detention of a person for
non-compliance with the lawful order of a court or in order to
secure the fulfilment of any obligation prescribed by law;
the lawful arrest or detention of a person effected for the
purpose of bringing him before the competent legal authority on
reasonable suspicion of having committed an offence or when it
is reasonably considered necessary to prevent his committing an
offence or fleeing after having done so;
the detention of a minor by lawful order for the purpose of
educational supervision or his lawful detention for the purpose
of bringing him before the competent legal authority;
the lawful detention of persons for the prevention of the
spreading of infectious diseases, of persons of unsound mind,
alcoholics or drug addicts or vagrants;
the lawful arrest or detention of a person to prevent his
effecting an unauthorised entry into the country or of a person
against whom action is being taken with a view to deportation or
Everyone who is arrested shall be informed promptly, in a
language which he understands, of the reasons for his arrest and of
any charge against him.
Everyone arrested or detained in accordance with the provisions
of paragraph 1.c of this article shall be brought promptly before a
judge or other officer authorised by law to exercise judicial power
and shall be entitled to trial within a reasonable time or to
release pending trial. Release may be conditioned by guarantees to
appear for trial.
Everyone who is deprived of his liberty by arrest or detention
shall be entitled to take proceedings by which the lawfulness of his
detention shall be decided speedily by a court and his release
ordered if the detention is not lawful.
Everyone who has been the victim of arrest or detention in
contravention of the provisions of this article shall have an
enforceable right to compensation.
Article 6 – Right to a fair trial1
In the determination of his civil rights and obligations or of
any criminal charge against him, everyone is entitled to a fair and
public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and
impartial tribunal established by law. Judgment shall be pronounced
publicly but the press and public may be excluded from all or part
of the trial in the interests of morals, public order or national
security in a democratic society, where the interests of juveniles
or the protection of the private life of the parties so require, or
to the extent strictly necessary in the opinion of the court in
special circumstances where publicity would prejudice the interests
Everyone charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed
innocent until proved guilty according to law.
Everyone charged with a criminal offence has the following
to be informed promptly, in a language which he understands
and in detail, of the nature and cause of the accusation against
to have adequate time and facilities for the preparation of
to defend himself in person or through legal assistance of
his own choosing or, if he has not sufficient means to pay for
legal assistance, to be given it free when the interests of
justice so require;
to examine or have examined witnesses against him and to
obtain the attendance and examination of witnesses on his behalf
under the same conditions as witnesses against him;
to have the free assistance of an interpreter if he cannot
understand or speak the language used in court.
Article 7 – No punishment without law1
No one shall be held guilty of any criminal offence on account
of any act or omission which did not constitute a criminal offence
under national or international law at the time when it was
committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that
was applicable at the time the criminal offence was committed.
This article shall not prejudice the trial and punishment of any
person for any act or omission which, at the time when it was
committed, was criminal according to the general principles of law
recognised by civilised nations.
Article 8 – Right to respect for private and family
Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family
life, his home and his correspondence.
There shall be no interference by a public authority with the
exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law
and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of
national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the
country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection
of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and
freedoms of others.
Article 9 – Freedom of thought, conscience and
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and
religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or
belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in
public or private, to manifest his religion or belief, in worship,
teaching, practice and observance.
Freedom to manifest one's religion or beliefs shall be subject
only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary
in a democratic society in the interests of public safety, for the
protection of public order, health or morals, or for the protection
of the rights and freedoms of others.
Article 10 – Freedom of expression1
Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right
shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart
information and ideas without interference by public authority and
regardless of frontiers. This article shall not prevent States from
requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or cinema
The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it duties
and responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities,
conditions, restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and
are necessary in a democratic society, in the interests of national
security, territorial integrity or public safety, for the prevention
of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, for
the protection of the reputation or rights of others, for preventing
the disclosure of information received in confidence, or for
maintaining the authority and impartiality of the judiciary.
Article 11 – Freedom of assembly and association1
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and to
freedom of association with others, including the right to form and
to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.
No restrictions shall be placed on the exercise of these rights
other than such as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a
democratic society in the interests of national security or public
safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection
of health or morals or for the protection of the rights and freedoms
of others. This article shall not prevent the imposition of lawful
restrictions on the exercise of these rights by members of the armed
forces, of the police or of the administration of the State.
Article 12 – Right to marry1
Men and women of marriageable age have the right to marry and to
found a family, according to the national laws governing the exercise of
Article 13 – Right to an effective remedy1
Everyone whose rights and freedoms as set forth in this Convention
are violated shall have an effective remedy before a national authority
notwithstanding that the violation has been committed by persons acting
in an official capacity.
Article 14 – Prohibition of discrimination1
The enjoyment of the rights and freedoms set forth in this Convention
shall be secured without discrimination on any ground such as sex, race,
colour, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or
social origin, association with a national minority, property, birth or
Article 15 – Derogation in time of emergency1
In time of war or other public emergency threatening the life of
the nation any High Contracting Party may take measures derogating
from its obligations under this Convention to the extent strictly
required by the exigencies of the situation, provided that such
measures are not inconsistent with its other obligations under
No derogation from Article 2, except in respect of deaths
resulting from lawful acts of war, or from Articles 3, 4 (paragraph
1) and 7 shall be made under this provision.
Any High Contracting Party availing itself of this right of
derogation shall keep the Secretary General of the Council of Europe
fully informed of the measures which it has taken and the reasons
therefor. It shall also inform the Secretary General of the Council
of Europe when such measures have ceased to operate and the
provisions of the Convention are again being fully executed.
Article 16 – Restrictions on political activity of
Nothing in Articles 10, 11 and 14 shall be regarded as preventing the
High Contracting Parties from imposing restrictions on the political
activity of aliens.
Article 17 – Prohibition of abuse of rights1
Nothing in this Convention may be interpreted as implying for any
State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or perform
any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set
forth herein or at their limitation to a greater extent than is provided
for in the Convention.
Article 18 – Limitation on use of restrictions on
The restrictions permitted under this Convention to the said rights
and freedoms shall not be applied for any purpose other than those for
which they have been prescribed.
Section II – European Court of Human Rights2
Article 19 – Establishment of the Court
To ensure the observance of the engagements undertaken by the High
Contracting Parties in the Convention and the Protocols thereto, there
shall be set up a European Court of Human Rights, hereinafter referred
to as "the Court". It shall function on a permanent basis.
Article 20 – Number of judges
The Court shall consist of a number of judges equal to that of the
High Contracting Parties.
Article 21 – Criteria for office
The judges shall be of high moral character and must either
possess the qualifications required for appointment to high judicial
office or be jurisconsults of recognised competence.
The judges shall sit on the Court in their individual capacity.
During their term of office the judges shall not engage in any
activity which is incompatible with their independence, impartiality
or with the demands of a full-time office; all questions arising
from the application of this paragraph shall be decided by the
Article 22 – Election of judges
The judges shall be elected by the Parliamentary Assembly with
respect to each High Contracting Party by a majority of votes cast
from a list of three candidates nominated by the High Contracting
The same procedure shall be followed to complete the Court in
the event of the accession of new High Contracting Parties and in
filling casual vacancies.
Article 23 – Terms of office
The judges shall be elected for a period of six years. They may
be re-elected. However, the terms of office of one-half of the
judges elected at the first election shall expire at the end of
The judges whose terms of office are to expire at the end of the
initial period of three years shall be chosen by lot by the
Secretary General of the Council of Europe immediately after their
In order to ensure that, as far as possible, the terms of office
of one-half of the judges are renewed every three years, the
Parliamentary Assembly may decide, before proceeding to any
subsequent election, that the term or terms of office of one or more
judges to be elected shall be for a period other than six years but
not more than nine and not less than three years.
In cases where more than one term of office is involved and
where the Parliamentary Assembly applies the preceding paragraph,
the allocation of the terms of office shall be effected by a drawing
of lots by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe
immediately after the election.
A judge elected to replace a judge whose term of office has not
expired shall hold office for the remainder of his predecessor's
The terms of office of judges shall expire when they reach the
age of 70.
The judges shall hold office until replaced. They shall,
however, continue to deal with such cases as they already have under
Article 24 – Dismissal
No judge may be dismissed from his office unless the other judges
decide by a majority of two-thirds that he has ceased to fulfil the
Article 25 – Registry and legal secretaries
The Court shall have a registry, the functions and organisation of
which shall be laid down in the rules of the Court. The Court shall be
assisted by legal secretaries.
Article 26 – Plenary Court
The plenary Court shall:
elect its President and one or two Vice-Presidents for a period
of three years; they may be re-elected;
set up Chambers, constituted for a fixed period of time;
elect the Presidents of the Chambers of the Court; they may be
adopt the rules of the Court, and
elect the Registrar and one or more Deputy Registrars.
Article 27 – Committees, Chambers and Grand Chamber
To consider cases brought before it, the Court shall sit in
committees of three judges, in Chambers of seven judges and in a
Grand Chamber of seventeen judges. The Court's Chambers shall set up
committees for a fixed period of time.
There shall sit as an ex officio member of the Chamber
and the Grand Chamber the judge elected in respect of the State
Party concerned or, if there is none or if he is unable to sit, a
person of its choice who shall sit in the capacity of judge.
The Grand Chamber shall also include the President of the Court,
the Vice-Presidents, the Presidents of the Chambers and other judges
chosen in accordance with the rules of the Court. When a case is
referred to the Grand Chamber under Article 43, no judge from the
Chamber which rendered the judgment shall sit in the Grand Chamber,
with the exception of the President of the Chamber and the judge who
sat in respect of the State Party concerned.
Article 28 – Declarations of inadmissibility by
A committee may, by a unanimous vote, declare inadmissible or strike
out of its list of cases an application submitted under Article 34 where
such a decision can be taken without further examination. The decision
shall be final.
Article 29 – Decisions by Chambers on admissibility
If no decision is taken under Article 28, a Chamber shall decide
on the admissibility and merits of individual applications submitted
under Article 34.
A Chamber shall decide on the admissibility and merits of
inter-State applications submitted under Article 33.
The decision on admissibility shall be taken separately unless
the Court, in exceptional cases, decides otherwise.
Article 30 – Relinquishment of jurisdiction to the
Where a case pending before a Chamber raises a serious question
affecting the interpretation of the Convention or the protocols thereto,
or where the resolution of a question before the Chamber might have a
result inconsistent with a judgment previously delivered by the Court,
the Chamber may, at any time before it has rendered its judgment,
relinquish jurisdiction in favour of the Grand Chamber, unless one of
the parties to the case objects.
Article 31 – Powers of the Grand Chamber
The Grand Chamber shall:
determine applications submitted either under Article 33 or
Article 34 when a Chamber has relinquished jurisdiction under
Article 30 or when the case has been referred to it under Article
consider requests for advisory opinions submitted under Article
Article 32 – Jurisdiction of the Court
The jurisdiction of the Court shall extend to all matters
concerning the interpretation and application of the Convention and
the protocols thereto which are referred to it as provided in
Articles 33, 34 and 47.
In the event of dispute as to whether the Court has
jurisdiction, the Court shall decide.
Article 33 – Inter-State cases
Any High Contracting Party may refer to the Court any alleged breach
of the provisions of the Convention and the protocols thereto by another
High Contracting Party.
Article 34 – Individual applications
Chart of Declarations under former Articles 25 and 46 of the ECHR
The Court may receive applications from any person, non-governmental
organisation or group of individuals claiming to be the victim of a
violation by one of the High Contracting Parties of the rights set forth
in the Convention or the protocols thereto. The High Contracting Parties
undertake not to hinder in any way the effective exercise of this right.
Article 35 – Admissibility criteria
The Court may only deal with the matter after all domestic
remedies have been exhausted, according to the generally recognised
rules of international law, and within a period of six months from
the date on which the final decision was taken.
The Court shall not deal with any application submitted under
Article 34 that:
is anonymous; or
is substantially the same as a matter that has already been
examined by the Court or has already been submitted to another
procedure of international investigation or settlement and
contains no relevant new information.
The Court shall declare inadmissible any individual application
submitted under Article 34 which it considers incompatible with the
provisions of the Convention or the protocols thereto, manifestly
ill-founded, or an abuse of the right of application.
The Court shall reject any application which it considers
inadmissible under this Article. It may do so at any stage of the
Article 36 – Third party intervention
In all cases before a Chamber or the Grand Chamber, a High
Contracting Party one of whose nationals is an applicant shall have
the right to submit written comments and to take part in hearings.
The President of the Court may, in the interest of the proper
administration of justice, invite any High Contracting Party which
is not a party to the proceedings or any person concerned who is not
the applicant to submit written comments or take part in hearings.
Article 37 – Striking out applications
The Court may at any stage of the proceedings decide to strike
an application out of its list of cases where the circumstances lead
to the conclusion that:
the applicant does not intend to pursue his application; or
the matter has been resolved; or
for any other reason established by the Court, it is no
longer justified to continue the examination of the application.
However, the Court shall continue the examination of the
application if respect for human rights as defined in the Convention
and the protocols thereto so requires.
The Court may decide to restore an application to its list of
cases if it considers that the circumstances justify such a course.
Article 38 – Examination of the case and friendly
If the Court declares the application admissible, it shall:
pursue the examination of the case, together with the
representatives of the parties, and if need be, undertake an
investigation, for the effective conduct of which the States
concerned shall furnish all necessary facilities;
place itself at the disposal of the parties concerned with a
view to securing a friendly settlement of the matter on the
basis of respect for human rights as defined in the Convention
and the protocols thereto.
Proceedings conducted under paragraph 1.b shall be confidential.
Article 39 – Finding of a friendly settlement
If a friendly settlement is effected, the Court shall strike the case
out of its list by means of a decision which shall be confined to a
brief statement of the facts and of the solution reached.
Article 40 – Public hearings and access to documents
Hearings shall be in public unless the Court in exceptional
circumstances decides otherwise.
Documents deposited with the Registrar shall be accessible to
the public unless the President of the Court decides otherwise.
Article 41 – Just satisfaction
If the Court finds that there has been a violation of the Convention
or the protocols thereto, and if the internal law of the High
Contracting Party concerned allows only partial reparation to be made,
the Court shall, if necessary, afford just satisfaction to the injured
Article 42 – Judgments of Chambers
Judgments of Chambers shall become final in accordance with the
provisions of Article 44, paragraph 2.
Article 43 – Referral to the Grand Chamber
Within a period of three months from the date of the judgment of
the Chamber, any party to the case may, in exceptional cases,
request that the case be referred to the Grand Chamber.
A panel of five judges of the Grand Chamber shall accept the
request if the case raises a serious question affecting the
interpretation or application of the Convention or the protocols
thereto, or a serious issue of general importance.
If the panel accepts the request, the Grand Chamber shall decide
the case by means of a judgment.
Article 44 – Final judgments
The judgment of the Grand Chamber shall be final.
The judgment of a Chamber shall become final:
when the parties declare that they will not request that the
case be referred to the Grand Chamber; or
three months after the date of the judgment, if reference of
the case to the Grand Chamber has not been requested; or
when the panel of the Grand Chamber rejects the request to
refer under Article 43.
The final judgment shall be published.
Article 45 – Reasons for judgments and decisions
Reasons shall be given for judgments as well as for decisions
declaring applications admissible or inadmissible.
If a judgment does not represent, in whole or in part, the
unanimous opinion of the judges, any judge shall be entitled to
deliver a separate opinion.
Article 46 – Binding force and execution of
The High Contracting Parties undertake to abide by the final
judgment of the Court in any case to which they are parties.
The final judgment of the Court shall be transmitted to the
Committee of Ministers, which shall supervise its execution.
Article 47 – Advisory opinions
The Court may, at the request of the Committee of Ministers,
give advisory opinions on legal questions concerning the
interpretation of the Convention and the protocols thereto.
Such opinions shall not deal with any question relating to the
content or scope of the rights or freedoms defined in Section I of
the Convention and the protocols thereto, or with any other question
which the Court or the Committee of Ministers might have to consider
in consequence of any such proceedings as could be instituted in
accordance with the Convention.
Decisions of the Committee of Ministers to request an advisory
opinion of the Court shall require a majority vote of the
representatives entitled to sit on the Committee.
Article 48 – Advisory jurisdiction of the Court
The Court shall decide whether a request for an advisory opinion
submitted by the Committee of Ministers is within its competence as
defined in Article 47.
Article 49 – Reasons for advisory opinions
Reasons shall be given for advisory opinions of the Court.
If the advisory opinion does not represent, in whole or in part,
the unanimous opinion of the judges, any judge shall be entitled to
deliver a separate opinion.
Advisory opinions of the Court shall be communicated to the
Committee of Ministers.
Article 50 – Expenditure on the Court
The expenditure on the Court shall be borne by the Council of Europe.
Article 51 – Privileges and immunities of judges
The judges shall be entitled, during the exercise of their functions,
to the privileges and immunities provided for in Article 40 of the
Statute of the Council of Europe and in the agreements made thereunder.
Section III – Miscellaneous provisions1,3
Article 52 – Inquiries by the Secretary General1
On receipt of a request from the Secretary General of the Council of
Europe any High Contracting Party shall furnish an explanation of the
manner in which its internal law ensures the effective implementation of
any of the provisions of the Convention.
Article 53 – Safeguard for existing human rights1
Nothing in this Convention shall be construed as limiting or
derogating from any of the human rights and fundamental freedoms which
may be ensured under the laws of any High Contracting Party or under any
other agreement to which it is a Party.
Article 54 – Powers of the Committee of Ministers1
Nothing in this Convention shall prejudice the powers conferred on
the Committee of Ministers by the Statute of the Council of Europe.
Article 55 – Exclusion of other means of dispute
The High Contracting Parties agree that, except by special agreement,
they will not avail themselves of treaties, conventions or declarations
in force between them for the purpose of submitting, by way of petition,
a dispute arising out of the interpretation or application of this
Convention to a means of settlement other than those provided for in
Article 56 – Territorial application1
4Any State may at the time of its ratification or at any
time thereafter declare by notification addressed to the Secretary
General of the Council of Europe that the present Convention shall,
subject to paragraph 4 of this Article, extend to all or any of the
territories for whose international relations it is responsible.
The Convention shall extend to the territory or territories
named in the notification as from the thirtieth day after the
receipt of this notification by the Secretary General of the Council
The provisions of this Convention shall be applied in such
territories with due regard, however, to local requirements.
4Any State which has made a declaration in accordance with
paragraph 1 of this article may at any time thereafter declare on
behalf of one or more of the territories to which the declaration
relates that it accepts the competence of the Court to receive
applications from individuals, non-governmental organisations or
groups of individuals as provided by Article 34 of the Convention.
Article 57 – Reservations1
Any State may, when signing this Convention or when depositing
its instrument of ratification, make a reservation in respect of any
particular provision of the Convention to the extent that any law
then in force in its territory is not in conformity with the
provision. Reservations of a general character shall not be
permitted under this article.
Any reservation made under this article shall contain a brief
statement of the law concerned.
Article 58 – Denunciation
A High Contracting Party may denounce the present Convention
only after the expiry of five years from the date on which it became
a party to it and after six months' notice contained in a
notification addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of
Europe, who shall inform the other High Contracting Parties.
Such a denunciation shall not have the effect of releasing the
High Contracting Party concerned from its obligations under this
Convention in respect of any act which, being capable of
constituting a violation of such obligations, may have been
performed by it before the date at which the denunciation became
Any High Contracting Party which shall cease to be a member of
the Council of Europe shall cease to be a Party to this Convention
under the same conditions.
4The Convention may be denounced in accordance with the
provisions of the preceding paragraphs in respect of any territory
to which it has been declared to extend under the terms of Article
Article 59 – Signature and ratification
This Convention shall be open to the signature of the members of
the Council of Europe. It shall be ratified. Ratifications shall be
deposited with the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
The present Convention shall come into force after the deposit
of ten instruments of ratification.
As regards any signatory ratifying subsequently, the Convention
shall come into force at the date of the deposit of its instrument
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall notify all
the members of the Council of Europe of the entry into force of the
Convention, the names of the High Contracting Parties who have
ratified it, and the deposit of all instruments of ratification
which may be effected subsequently.
Done at Rome this 4th day of November 1950, in English and French,
both texts being equally authentic, in a single copy which shall
remain deposited in the archives of the Council of Europe. The
Secretary General shall transmit certified copies to each of the
(1) Heading added according to the provisions of
Protocol No. 11 (ETS No. 155).
(2) New Section II according to the provisions of Protocol No. 11 (ETS
(3) The articles of this Section are renumbered according to the
provisions of Protocol No. 11 (ETS No. 155).
(4) Text amended according to the provisions of Protocol No. 11 (ETS